Charcot Foot is when the bones in the foot soften and lose their shape due to complications from nerve damage and diabetes. The joints eventually fracture and collapse, causing the foot to bow in the middle. Since Charcot Foot is usually brought on by nerve damage, most people who suffer from this condition won't initially notice symptoms and may keep on using the foot, which then causes their condition to worsen.
What causes Charcot Foot?
Charcot foot is caused by neuropathy, or decreased sensation in the foot. The loss of sensation means that fractures in the bones go unnoticed and become worse and worse over time. The bones then soften and collapse over time.
How do I know if I have Charcot Foot?
What are the symptoms of Charcot Foot?
The symptoms of Charcot Foot include, but aren't limited to:
- Loss of sensation in the foot
- One foot feels warmer than the other to the touch
- Swelling of the foot
- Neuropathic Ulcer
- Unstable ankle joint
- Pain in the foot may or may not be present
How is Charcot Foot diagnosed?
Charcot Foot is often diagnosed with a physical examination from your physician, usually accompanied by X-rays.
What can I do from home for Charcot Foot?
What can I do to prevent Charcot Foot?
You can help prevent Charcot Foot by taking care of your feet. This means treating them gently and wearing properly fitting shoes. Oftentimes Charcot Foot is caused by neuropathy-a loss of sensation in your feet. Be aware of how hard you are placing your feet when walking.
What treatments can I do from home for Charcot Foot?
While waiting to see your doctor for Charcot Foot you should stay off your foot as much as possible.
- Use crutches or a cane to help you get around until you can see your doctor
- Wear a brace or wrap on your foot to keep it immobile
When should I see a doctor for Charcot Foot?
You should see your doctor as soon as you suspect that you have Charcot Foot. Complications can lead to a loss of your foot.
Treatments your doctor may recommend for Charcot Foot
- Keep your foot immobile. This means wearing a special brace or wrap.
- Wearing special orthotics to help take the pressure off certain parts of the foot.
- Cutting back or modifying your activity level to keep the condition from deteriorating
Your doctor may decide that corrective surgery is needed in regards to your Charcot Foot. This type of surgery includes stabilizing the foot joint and bones with metal plates and pins.