A Midfoot Sprain is a common type of foot sprain that effects the ligaments in the middle of your foot. The Midfoot Sprain can start as a small injury that can worsen as instability increases due to sprained ligaments.
What causes Midfoot Sprain?
- Midfoot Sprains occur when a large amount of force or weight is applied throught the center of the foot. Football, hockey, and other contact sports can cause a Midfoot Sprain when the heel is lifted off the ground and weight is applied - through someone falling, etc. - onto the foot.
- Another cause is due to the toes being forcefully pressed together causing the middle of the foot absorb strain.
- Falling when your foot is in a fixed position.
- Falling directly onto the toes when your foot is pointed straight down: this causes the midfoot to absorb too much weight.
How do I know if I have Midfoot Sprain?
What are the symptoms of Midfoot Sprain?
- Pain in the middle of your foot
- Swelling in the central region of your foot
- Bruising or discoloration
- Swollen or tender joints
- Painful to bear weight on the foot
How is Midfoot Sprain diagnosed?
Your physician will go over your medical history and ask questions such as the activity you were participating in when you were injured. A phyical examination will be done to determine the proper diagnosis: applying direct pressure on the middle of the foot the doctor will hold the ankle steady while roating the toes from side to side. X-rays, MRIs, or CT scans may be ordered to determine the severity of the injury.
What can I do from home for Midfoot Sprain?
What can I do to prevent Midfoot Sprain?
- Wear stiff sole shoes to assist in stabilizing the foot
- Stretching and strengthening exercises
What treatments can I do from home for Midfoot Sprain?
- Ice the affected area
- Elevate your foot
- Take NSAIDs
When should I see a doctor for Midfoot Sprain?
Contact your doctor if your pain does not subside in 1 - 2 days, as this may be a sign of a more serious mid-foot injury called a Lisfranc injury. If left untreated, the injury can possibly lead to the collapsing your foot arch. Untreated Midfoot Sprains (such as a Lisfranc injury) can become disabling injuries.
What treatments are available for Midfoot Sprain?
A cast or a removable walking boot may be suggested to help immobilize your foot
If the Midfoot Sprain is severe, your ligaments may need surgical repair to put the bones in the middle of your foot back into place to allow your foot to heal properly.